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The Western Apache reservations include the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, Yavapai-Apache Nation and Tonto-Apache Reservation.The Chiricahua were divided into two groups after they were released from being prisoners of war.
In early 20th century Parisian society, the word Apache was adopted into French, essentially meaning an outlaw.) are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache.Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the Southern Athabaskan languages.The first known written record in Spanish is by Juan de Oñate in 1598.The most widely accepted origin theory suggests Apache was borrowed and transliterated from the Zuni word ʔa·paču meaning "Navajos" (the plural of paču "Navajo").Europeans often did not learn what the peoples called themselves, their autonyms.
While anthropologists agree on some traditional major subgrouping of Apaches, they have often used different criteria to name finer divisions, and these do not always match modern Apache groupings.
The first Apache raids on Sonora appear to have taken place during the late 17th century.
In 19th-century confrontations during the American-Indian wars, the U. Army found the Apache to be fierce warriors and skillful strategists.
He believes San Carlos is the most divergent dialect, and that Dilzhe’e is a remnant, intermediate member of a dialect continuum that previously spanned from the Western Apache language to the Navajo.
John Upton Terrell classifies the Apache into western and eastern groups.
The majority moved to the Mescalero Reservation and form, with the larger Mescalero political group, the Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Apache Reservation, along with the Lipan Apache.